Relative Humidity

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The question "What is Relative Humidity?" has multiple answers.

The one that makes most sense is "How much water vapor can a solution hold above a salt solution compared to a pure water system at saturation pressure or temperature?"

This is really a function of the partial pressure of water (PH2O) above a salt solution compared to the pure component vapor pressure of water at the same temperature (T) and pressure (P).

So Relative Humidity is:

2016-11-08 12-05-25.png

Where PH2O(SALT) is the partial pressure of water above the salt solution and Vp(H2O) is the vapor pressure of water.

It turns out that this ratio is also a definition of the activity of water:

2016-11-08 12-08-34.png

We already calculate the activity of water and report it in the output. Thus if the water activity is 0.95 then we have a relative humidity of 95%.

Author: Jim Berthold (OLI)