Difference between revisions of "How is pH calculated when there is no H ion?"

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(Calculating pH in the hydronium ion basis)
(Calculating pH in the hydronium ion basis)
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==Calculating pH in the hydronium ion basis==
 
==Calculating pH in the hydronium ion basis==
 
In the hydronium ion basis, there is no hydrogen ion. This makes a direct conversion difficult. Some additional conversions are required. We are using the same compositions as before.
 
In the hydronium ion basis, there is no hydrogen ion. This makes a direct conversion difficult. Some additional conversions are required. We are using the same compositions as before.
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[[File:Image9.jpg]]
 
[[File:Image9.jpg]]

Revision as of 18:18, 8 August 2018


Contents

How pH is calculated in the Mole Fraction based concentration basis

Overview

The new mole fraction based concentration basis available in the OLI software (ESP version 7.0 or Analyzers 2.0 or later) report activity coefficients on a different basis than in the older software. Hand calculations of such values such as pH can be confusing. This document will take you through two examples of how pH is calculated.

Further confusion is that the reported activity coefficient is different depending on the basis selected. We will examine each basis in turn.

Here is a link to a paper OLI authored on acid-base chemistry in MSE which explains how pH is calculated: MSE Acid-Base Equilibria 2007 (PDF)

Definitions of Symbols and Superscripts

Image1.jpg

The Standard Aqueous Model

In this simulation we have taken a sample at 25 ⁰C, 1.0 Atmospheres, 55.508 moles of H2O and 0.0001 moles of HCl. The standard Bromley-Zematis activity model was selected.

Input in the software:


Image2a.jpg


The program reports the following information:

Image3a.jpg


Image4a.jpg


pH definition

Image6a.jpg

Converting to molality based activity coefficients

Figure7a.jpg

Calculating the pH on the MSE H+ Basis

Image8a.jpg

Calculating pH in the hydronium ion basis

In the hydronium ion basis, there is no hydrogen ion. This makes a direct conversion difficult. Some additional conversions are required. We are using the same compositions as before.


Image9.jpg


The solution results are:

Image10.jpg

  • XH3O+ = 1.8 x 10-6
  • XH2O = 0.999996
  • γH3O+x1 = 0.988515
  • γH2Ox = 1.0000
  • pH = 4.005

Our major concern here is that we need to have an effective concentration of the hydrogen ion which does not exist in this framework. We know that the following definition is true:

H3O+ = H+ + H2O

Since the activities on both sides must be equal,

aH3O+ = aH+aH2O

Or

Image5-how ph is calculated.png

We also know that to convert the mole fraction basis to the molality basis we can use this conversion:


Where MH2O is the molecular weight of water (approximately equal to 18.1054 g/mole)

Thus the activity of the hydrogen ion on a molality basis is:

Image6-how ph is calculated.png

So pH becomes

Image7-how ph is calculated.png

Where

Image8-how ph is calculated.png


And

Image9-how ph is calculated.png

Thus pH becomes

Image10-how ph is calculated.png


This was OLI Tip61.